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copy an image to an sd card

I'm using gdd here, this requires the homebrew package coreutils on a mac. dd might also just work on your system.

copy a raspberry pi os image to an sd card:

sudo gdd if=2021-05-07-raspios-buster-armhf.img of=/dev/rdisk4 bs=32M conv=fsync status=progress

backup and restore image

get blocksize:

tune2fs -l /dev/sdb2|grep -i 'block size'

backup disk/sd-card to an image:

dd if=/dev/sdb of=rpi_backup.img bs=4096 conv=noerror,sync status=progress

restore image to disk/sd-card:

just reverse the above:

dd if=rpi_backup.img of=/dev/sdb bs=4096 conv=noerror,sync status=progress

write directly to disk from stdin (wget, curl etc.)

it's 2022, curl|bash is fine (👮‍♂️), so wget | dd is as well. Common use case: You got a rescue system with a live cd but not enough/configurable storage and want to write a linux iso directly to another disk. Also, Ubuntu doesn't provide an easy to find netboot image anymore so you need at least a 1.3gb download.

wget -O - | dd of=/dev/sda

flash iso to usb stick on macos

diskutil list # find the thumb drive you just inserted
diskutil unmountDisk disk7 # unmount all partitions
dd if=ubuntu-22.04-desktop-amd64.iso of=/dev/rdisk7 bs=4M ## use rdisk instead of disk to make it fast

rdisk vs. disk